Each of us usually stores our precious files, such as personal documents, photos, videos, or audio files on a hard drive. Since today most people use laptops and desktops, whose average life is roughly 3-5 years of hard drive. However, it is based on hard disk type and manufacturer and if the temperature changes, moisture and speed are not stable, then its life can fall rapidly.
It is therefore always a good idea that your hard disk health should be checked regularly for errors and bad sectors. Regular monitoring of hard disks is very important, if you want to avoid hard disk failer suddenly without any reason.
Your hard disk, whether it’s a mechanical or solid-state (SSD), stores all the files on your computer and without it your PC will not start. Hard disks sometimes fail, in this case you have to buy a new hard disk. But the more expensive deal happens when all your important data is lost, when you do not have any backups of it.
- Read Aslo: Finish your fear of losing data and use these best free backup software
Modern hard disks contain something like Self-Monitoring, Analysis and Reporting Technology, or SMART. This means that the drive automatically checks for possible errors and reports them to the operating system.
By checking the status of your SMART data sometimes, you can know whether the risk of failure of your drive is increasing or not. And, if this is happening then you can immediately back up your data.
Although there are a number of free programs that will give you reports of SMART status for your drive.
- Read more: 4 tools that can predict the failure of the hard drive and can stop it
But actually you can check the hard disk in Windows without downloading or installing anything.
You can use the WMIC or Windows Management Instrumentation Command-line to check the status of your hard disk health.
WMIC is a command line and scripting interface that facilitates the use of Windows Management Instrumentation (WMI) and the system is managed by WMI system.
Using WMI Commands, you can do many administrative tasks, such as checking the hard disk for errors and bad sectors, repairing errors etc.
Check Hard Disk Health:
Search by typing cmd in search and right click on the command prompt from the result.
Select Run As Administrator.
- CMD -Check Hard Disk Failing
- Now a command prompt window will open, in which you can type commands.
- To check the status of your drive, the required command is:
WMIC DISKDRIVE GET MODEL, STATUS
- After typing this command, enter it.
It will show the model numbers and status of all your hard drives. If the OK status is here then the drive is fine.
Otherwise, to know more about the reported problem see details about it in your Favorite Search Engine.
Check Hard Disk for Errors, Health, Bad Sectors in Windows
If the above commands are showing an error on your hard disk, then check for errors using the CHKDSK Windows tool.
How are hard disk errors?
In addition to the CD / DVD drive in your PC or laptop, hard disk is the only component in which there are moving parts, which are speed spins of 7200 revolutions per minute, whether or not you are doing something on your computer Because of this alone, wear-and-tear and file order or physical disks can also be bad sectors. Apart from this, it can also be due to power surge in PC (especially laptop).
What can CHKDSK do?
- This cluster can also view error as well as file problem. Often, you would not know that there is an error on your hard disk unless you run CHKDSK or any other program.
- You can run CHKDSK in two ways, one graphical and another command line version.
- To run the graphical version, open Explorer and right-click on the drive (usually C 🙂 to check.
- Click Properties.
Now the Properties window will open. Click the Check Now button in the Tools tab.
Click Scan Drive to start scanning.
Running Check Disk from the Command Line
- You can also run Check Disk at the command prompt.
- Search by typing cmd in search and right click on the command prompt from the result.
- Select Run As Administrator.
- Now type this command at the command prompt-
- chkdsk C:
With this command, check Disk will start analyzing your C: drive. But with this command you can check your drive only for error. Unless you give further options, this problem will not be repaired.
Run Check Disk from a Command Line to Check and Fix Disk Errors
To check and repair the error with the chkdsk command, use this command-
chkdsk / f C:
Here the error of / f disk is to fix.
When you use this command, check Disk analyzes the disc and repairs an error, provided the disk is not in use.
If the disk is in use, Check Disk displays a prompt that asks if you want to schedule the disk to check the next time you restart the system. To schedule this check, type Y.
chkdsk c: / r
In this example, using the chkdsk command is used to correct any errors, to conduct a comprehensive test of C: drive and to detect any recovery information from the Bad Sector.